Historic Buildings And Structures In Nigeria

Hello Guys

Lets go down History lane and see Historic buildings in Nigeria still standing, some have been destroyed due to neglect.

According to travel week, The travel industry reached more than US$5.29 trillion in spending in 2017, with international tourism spend growing for the last eight consecutive years.

Its bad that Nigeria is not tapping into this sector, instead we see people online insulting each others tribe and history.

There are more than 300 Nigerian tribes and among the largest include Hausa-Fulani, Igbo, Yoruba, Ijaw, Kanuri, Annang, Tiv, Ibibio, Etsako, and Efik. Other Nigerian tribes apart from the ones listed constitute a smaller percentage of the total number people from all the tribes in Nigeria, That means every tribe in Nigeria has a history and historic building some where.

Nigeria is a very Beautiful Country

Lets get started

Ancient Kano City Walls

The Ancient Kano City Walls (Kofar Na’isa) were ancient defensive walls built to protect the inhabitants of the ancient city of Kano. The wall was built between 1095 through 1134 and completed in the middle of the 14th century. The Ancient Kano City Walls were described as “‘the most impressive monument in West Africa”

Kofar Sabuwar, one of the city walls

Okoroji House

The Okoroji House Museum or Okoroji House, (Igbo: Ulo Nta Okoroji, Ogbuti Okoroji), is a historic house and museum located in Ujari, a village in Arochukwu, Abia State, Eastern Nigeria

The house was built during the 17th century by Maazi Okoroji Oti, a local chief and slave merchant, who was active during the trans-atlantic slave trade. The house is made of mud while its roof is made of aluminium zinc. The interior showcases various sacred shrine objects, historical artifacts, slave chains, brass manillas, swords and guns.

Gobarau Minaret

Gobarau is said to be the first multi-storey building in West Africa,with its construction believed to have been completed during the reign of Sarkin Katsina (King) Muhammadu Korau (1398-1408 AD) — the first Muslim King of Katsina. Other sources date the structure from the 16th to 18th centuries, with a major reconstruction taking place in the early 20th century.

Originally built as the central Mosque of Katsina town, it was later used also as a school. By the beginning of the 16th century, Katsina had become a very important commercial and academic center in Hausaland, and Gobarau mosque had grown into a famed institution of higher Islamic education. Gobarau continued to be Katsina’s Central mosque until the beginning of the 19th century AD, when Sarkin Katsina Ummarun Dallaji (1805-1835) built a new mosque, which was later demolished by Muhammadu Dikko (1906–1944), who built the famous Masallacin Dutsi, which is still used up to this day.

Ilojo Bar

Ilojo Bar, also called Olaiya House or Casa da Fernandez, was a Brazilian-styled historic building located near Tinubu Square in Lagos Island, Lagos State, Nigeria. It was originally built as a bar and restaurant in 1855 by the Fernandez family who employed returning ex-slaves who had mastered the art of building while in South America. Ilojo Bar was subsequently sold to Alfred Omolana Olaiya of the Olaiya family in 1933 and was declared a national monument in 1956 by the National Commission for Museums and Monuments.

Sungbo’s Eredo

Sungbo’s Eredo is a system of defensive walls and ditches that is located to the southwest of the Yoruba town of Ijebu Ode in Ogun State, southwest Nigeria. It was built in honour of the Ijebu noblewoman Oloye Bilikisu Sungbo

The Eredo served a defensive purpose when it was built in 800–1000, a period of political confrontation and consolidation in the southern Nigerian rainforest. It was likely to have been inspired by the same process that led to the construction of similar walls and ditches throughout western Nigeria, including earthworks around Ifẹ̀, Ilesa, and the Benin Iya, a 6,500-kilometre (4,000 mi) series of connected but separate earthworks in the neighboring Edo-speaking region. It is believed that the Eredo was a means of unifying an area of diverse communities into a single kingdom. It seems that the builders of these fortifications deliberately tried to reach groundwater or clay to create a swampy bottom for the ditch. If this could be achieved in shallow depth, builders stopped, even if only at the depth of 1 meter. In some places small, conical idol statues had been placed on the bottom of the ditch

Walls of Benin

The Walls of Benin are a series of earthworks made up of banks and ditches, called Iya in the Edo language in the area around present-day Benin City, the capital of present-day Edo, Nigeria. They consist of 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) of city iya and an estimated 16,000 kilometres (9,900 miles) in the rural area around Benin. Connah estimated that the walls of Benin may have been constructed between the thirteenth and mid-fifteenth century CE. Darling estimated that the walls of Benin (in the Esan region) may have been constructed during the first millennium CE

Ogbunike Caves

The Ogbunike Caves are located in Ogbunike, Anambra State, southeastern Nigeria.

Located in a valley blanketed by tropical rain forest, the collection of caves has been in use over centuries by local people for whom it has particular spiritual significance. This spiritual significance is still apparent, as the “Ime Ogba” celebration is undertaken every year to commemorate the discovery of the caves.

Descending into the valley where the caves are located is a lengthy walkway made up of about 317 steps said to have been constructed by the Anambra State Government in the mid 90s. Visitors must remove their shoes before entering the caves, as per tradition. And women who are having their monthly cycle cannot go in.

The main cave consists of a massive structure with a big open chamber of about 5m high, 10m wide and 30m long at the entrance. There are ten tunnels at the main chamber leading to different directions. Within the tunnels are big chambers and other tunnels of varying lengths, some of which are inter connected. The caves are occupied by a large colony of bats of various sizes. There are streams and body of water at various places. A stream flows out from one of the tunnels into a rapid flowing river (River Nkissa). At the meeting point of the river and the stream one can feel the warm water from the caves and the cold river water. Beside this portion of the river is a table land of about 5 X 5 square meters used as a relaxation spot by visitors to the caves. The immediate environment of the caves up to about 200 meters radius is a thick tropical rainforest type of vegetation. The site has sufficient boundaries (20 hectares) to protect its values from direct effects of human encroachment.


Chief Nana’s Palace is a living history museum dedicated to the life and deeds of Chief Nana of Olomu, a powerful nineteenth century entrepreneur who is notable for his extended contact with the British Empire.

Nana Olomu was born into the Itsekiri community of Jakpa around 1852. He was a merchant who later became the fourth Itsekiri chief to hold the position of Governor of Benin River. Although born as “Eriomala”, he became known by his pet name “Nana”.

Warri Royal Cemetery

Situated on a massive expanse of land, the Warri Kingdom Royal Cemetery is one exceptional place to visit due to its nature. The royal cemetery, which is the resting place of all the kings that have ever reigned in Warri Kingdom, is a unique forest in Ijala Land.
On the trail to the various locations following a single footpath, one would expect to find tomb stones and other usual markings or landmarks to identify the various resting places, but this is not so.
Like any other forest, the usual lush vegetation with trees and plants of various kinds, coupled with the serene environment and the chirping of birds that breaks the silence to welcome tourists to this place of grandeur is the characteristics of this cemetery.

Naturally, one would wander around the forest without it leaving significant impression, but being guided by our tour guide, Mr Henry Erikowa and leading us to specific locations made the tour a memorable one.
Making our first stop at an enormous Iroko tree, our guide declared the resting place of Olu Ojoluwa, the fourth King to reign over Warri Kingdom in the year 1550 to 1569. Gazing with awe at the magnificence of this tree that is over 400years old, which was planted immediately Olu Ojoluwa was laid to mother earth as a mark of identification for his resting place, it beat our imagination as to how a tree could last that long with no sign of drying up soon.
Branching out to hold more firmly to the ground, the powerful roots that bear this enormous gift of nature leaves you wondering if it gets its continued sustenance from the royalty that lies peacefully underneath it; or from the land that has lain fallow for hundreds of years.
This also goes for all the other 17 trees standing over the graves of the other kings that ruled over the Warri kingdom, from Olu Ginuwa I that died in 1500 to Olu Erejuwa II who died in 1986.
This is evident that the culture of tree planting, which is being practiced and popularised all over the world, did not begin today. Although not for the same reasons, the culture of ‘preservation’ might as well be said to have begun with the Kingdom of Warri.

Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove

The dense forest of the Osun Sacred Grove, on the outskirts of the city of Osogbo, is one of the last remnants of primary high forest in southern Nigeria. Regarded as the abode of the goddess of fertility Osun, one of the pantheon of Yoruba gods, the landscape of the grove and its meandering river is dotted with sanctuaries and shrines, sculptures and art works in honour of Osun and other deities. The sacred grove, which is now seen as a symbol of identity for all Yoruba people, is probably the last in Yoruba culture. It testifies to the once widespread practice of establishing sacred groves outside all settlements.

Erin Ayonigba Fish River

The Erin Ayonigba Fish River, popularly called the sacred river, is filled with fishes that can never be killed or eaten.

Killing the fishes is forbidden, and it is said that whoever manages to kill any of the fish would die in poverty.

It is believed that any fish taken the river will never get cooked no matter how long it is on the fire.

Rolling Hills, Okigwe

Situated in the northeastern axis of Imo state are the Rolling hills of Okigwe. These hills possess great qualities that make them some of the places to be visited by tourists in Imo state. The rolling hills of Okigwe are characterized by their beautiful environment and serenity. Next time you decide to go for a picnic, this is will be a great site.


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